Golf is a precision club and ball sport in which competing players (or golfers) use many types of clubs to hit balls into a series of holes on a course using the fewest number of strokes.
A standard golf course is made up of 18 holes. The first shot on each hole is played from a teeing area (known as the tee) with the ball usually being place on a plastic or wooden peg (also known as a tee). The rest of the hole consists of a mixture of long grass called rough or a closely-mown stretch of grass known as the fairway which leads to the green, where the hole is.
As well as rough, there may be other hazards to contend with such as bunkers and streams.
Most courses are around 6,000 yards long and take between three and four hours to play 18 holes, which involves walking about five miles.
There are many rules that apply to golf but unlike many other sports, unless it is a tournament, there is no need for a referee or umpire. Players must know the rules themselves, be honest about the number of shots they take and play the ball as it lies. If you lose your ball or hit it in a lake then you will have to add strokes to your score before you can play on.
Golfers who walk and carry their own bag burn 721 calories, golfers using a pull cart burn 718 calories, golfers walking with a caddie burn 613 calories and golfers riding in a golf cart burn 411 calories on average.
A recent study conducted by the Karolinska Institutet (Sweden) found the death rate for golfers is 40% lower than for other people of the same sex, age and socioeconomic status. This equates to a 5-year increase in life expectancy for regular golfers.
Golf is also a social sport and there are few things better in sports than teeing up on a beautiful sunny day with good friends.
There are 2500 golf courses in the UK that offer a range of different facilities to golfers. From driving ranges to short courses, pitch and putt courses to a full 18 holes. If you are looking to find your nearest golf course simply visit www.golftoday.co.uk which lists all of the UK golf clubs by county.
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